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Resources for Families

Types of Child Care

Family Child Care

Family child care providers offer care for children
in the provider's home. There are two types of
regulation for family child care providers:

Provisional & Regular Certified Family Child Care Providers:  
May care for up to 6 children (actual number will depend on
the number of children under age 2). Sudden Infant Death
Syndrome and Shaken Baby Syndrome Risk Reduction
Trainings are required if the provider is caring for
children under 5 years of age.

Regular Certified Family Child Care Providers are required to have at least 2 credits of early childhood training or non-credit department approved training prior to regular certification.

Licensed Family Child Care Provider:  May care for up to 8 children (actual number will depend on the number of children under age 2). At least 3 credit hours of broad-based early childhood training or a non-credit course in caring for children approved by the department before receiving a license or working with children. Infant and Child CPR/AED is also required.

Group Child Care Centers

Centers care for nine or more children in groups. The lead teachers are required to complete 80 hours of early childhood education. When caring for children under the age of 2, they are required to complete an infant/toddler course.

Other Types of Care

Preschool – The term "preschool" generally refers to early childhood programs designed for children from the age of about 2½ to 5 or 6. Programs are often organized around a specific educational theory or approach, such as Montessori and the majority emphasize play rather than academics. Many offer a part-time schedule (for example, a few hours a day, two to five times a week).

Head Start – Head Start is a Federal program for preschool children from low-income families. Children who attend Head Start participate in a variety of educational activities. To see if your child qualifies for Head Start, visit 
http://www.whsaonline.org/for-parents/frequently-asked-questions/.

PLEASE NOTE: CCR&R does not provide referrals to nannies or in-home care providers.

Home or Nanny Care

Nanny care is a term generally used to designate child care provided in the child’s own home. The person who provides such in-home care might be called a nanny, babysitter, governess, au pair or mother’s helper. Such care may be provided by a person who lives in the home or comes only to provide care for certain defined hours. Costs for in-home care will vary depending on the area where one lives and the worker’s training and experience. The family that employs an in-home care giver is also responsible for a variety of taxes, including Social Security (FICA), Unemployment tax, Income tax and Worker’s Compensation. In-home care is not subject to child care regulations, including mandatory criminal caregiver background checks, thus applicants should be carefully screened.

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